How might the workforce above have produced such poor concrete in their kicker?
This image is taken from the Grace Adprufe System BBA Certificate 06/4319.
The concrete is being segregated (bleeding) by the poker held still and obviously any concrete in the kicker is sinking into the slab.
Kickerless Formwork.All these ways to avoid kickers are acceptable.
Here is the photo I cropped to use above. I took this when I delivered the FRP threaded rods and nuts.
They have spaced the formwork with measured pieces of wood. These came out as they put in the threaded rods with thin nuts to control the width instead.
3 weeks later I collected the steel waler plates they hired. This is the completed kickerless concrete.